Navigation and organization of shipping routes represent essential aspects of how to configure the economy at national and international level, gaining thus most often political and economic valences.

Navigation is a field of study that focuses on the process of monitoring and controlling the movement of spacecraft as well as on the configuration of navigation routes irrespective of the purpose of the activity.

The naval activities are carried out for commercial purposes (transport of goods and persons, fishing, port or research), recreational or military, with trails and spaces dedicated to their character.

The study on the organization and operation of shipping routes in the maritime area should take into account the provisions of Directive 2002/59 / EC establishing a Community vessel traffic monitoring and information system.

The main aspects of the study concern the intensity of traffic, the types of goods transported, the risk of environmental pollution, the concentration of fishing vessels, specific conditions for sea transport, natural and anthropic hazards.

The study should propose possibilities for location in the spatial profile of the following elements: traffic separation schemes, two-way routes, proposed areas for anchoring of boats, areas to be avoided, coastal transport areas, roundabouts, protected areas, routes for high capacity vessels.